Tea Biz
Tea Biz

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Tea News and Biz Insight - October 22, 2021

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HEAR THE HEADLINES – Sri Lanka Abandons Fertilizer Ban for Tea | Kenya’s KTDA Sets a Minimum Price for Auctioned Tea | AVPA Announces Teas of the World Winners| NEWSMAKER – Harkirat ”Harki” Sidhu, Rainforest Alliance India’s Consulting Program Coordinator for Sustainable Landscapes & Livelihoods| FEATURES – This week Tea Biz travels to Calcutta, India for an in-depth conversation with Harkirat (Harki) Sidhu, Rainforest Alliance India’s Consulting Program Coordinator for Sustainable Landscapes & Livelihoods. Harki is an expert in mechanical tea harvesters. He makes a compelling argument for improving tea quality utilizing labor hours that are gained by farms that invest in these time-saving machines.Mechanical Tea Harvesting Mechanical harvesting gets a bad rap. This is because poorly trained operators using poorly maintained equipment damage bushes, lowering yield and leaf quality. Simple routines such as level trimming in one direction in a single long sweep over half the plucking plane produces excellent leaf. Innovations like creating a seasonal calendar to regulate the gap between plucking rounds and paying workers for the area they shear, instead of by the kilo, keep yields high. Smallholders sharing equipment who then use the many hours of labor saved for field maintenance and to complete agricultural chores like pruning, mulching and weed abatement deliver raw leaf of exceptional quality to factories.

The T dis, podcast, delivers a recapwith the week's major P news headlines with commentary and Cultural Trendshosted by Dan Bother. Hebe is, is the voice of origin for P professionals andenthusiasts world lot. Think of us as a digital caravan ofstory, tellers bringing authentic, authoritative and exclusive stories foryou, weekly from the tea lands. Hello. Everyone here of this week'sheadlines, Colona Abandons Fertilizer Band for Tea, Kenya's Kat da sets aminimum price for auction tea. An A v PA announces teas of the World Winnersmore n a minute, but first this important message. What makes a Perfect Cup of Ceylon tea?The Perfect Cup is from the tea businesses that ensure the protectionof all the children living within their tea estates. We Salute Kalani Valley,tell a Wakely, Bogo, Wanta, Lawa, Parana and Elida t estates support,Save the children. Silanga tea growers convinced the Salankagovernment to abandon important restrictions on agrochemicals in postin May after demonstrating a marked decline in quality and yieldplantations. Minister Ramish Pather ANA said the reversal comes in time to helpgrowers responsible for producing one point: Three billion and annual exports at a press conference in Columbia. Lastweek he told reporters that imports of chemical fertilizer would continueuntil the island was able to produce sufficient organic fertilizer for foodand cash crops. The announcement...

...followed the arrival of the thirtythousand metric ton, shipmen of potassium chloride from Lithuania thatofficials had labeled organic to circumvent the van business inside two thirds of Shalakafarmers support organic agriculture according to a survey by veriteresearch, but ninety per cent currently use agrochemicals in eighty five percent anticipated the overnight switched. Organic fertilizers would lower yieldsby an average forty seven per cent, the more than one thousand farmers whoparticipated in the farmer's pulse telephone survey. This summer said thetransition should be gradual and the Romancin needs a standardize supply oforganic alternatives to combat weeds pests and adequately feed their plants. The Kenyan Te Development Agency lastweek announced a minimum reserve price of two dollars and forty three centsper kilo for tea auctioned in Mombassa. The decision will stabilizepersistently low prices during the past two years at the likely expense ofexport market share. India is the primary beneficiary Asamon EM directorof MC loud Russell India, told reporters quote due to Canyon Tea. Wefaced intense competition in world wide markets and quote he said we are in abetter position to increase exports now that our prices are around two hundredand fifty rupees for kilo, approximately three dollars and thirtyfive cents and Kenyon t is around two hundred rupees for Kilo about twodollars and sixty five cents. Katy Age said: output declined byfourteen per cent to one point: two: five billion kilos in the twelve monthsthrough June compared to last year's record output over all Kenyattaincreased by nineteen percent to two...

...hundred ninety eight million kilos, butauction prices averaged only a dollar. Ninety six percio at Mombasa whichoceans teas from several east African countries, Kat d, a t prices fell by eight percent during the same period averaging two dollars and eighteen cents per kilo.Kenya's export earnings during the past seven months fell to seven hundredmillion in two thousand and twenty exports totaled one point: two billionfor the year. The agency expressed concerns about over reliance on fourexport markets that generate seventy per cent of sales in commodity graveteas pledging to produce more orthodox teas that bring a better price business in sight. Tit dier announcedthat it is abandoning legal action to prevent an Atman of provisions of thetwo thousand and Twentyh T act. Last winter, a group of directors at Kat DaFactory's filed suit to prevent implementation of sections of the actgoverning special elections. Fifty five factories at their annual meetings inNovember, will vote on a special resolution to withdraw the cases. Theresolution is endorsed by Cabinet Secretary Peter Mona, a v PA's fourth annual teas of theworld competition awarded a hundred and thirty three medals. This week,recognizing teas from thirty three countries, the online ceremony andParis awarded gastronomic recognition in two categories of tea, with separatejuries, evaluating camelias, sinensis, mono verita and herbal teas blends andscented teas prizes included, ten gourmet or gold metals and twenty fivesilver and twenty five bronze medals.

With an additional seventy, three teasreceiving an a V P, a certificate of distinction. Three goals were awardedin the herbals and Belen's category and seven golds in the Camelia senensiscategories by one shoe Jan Ulan Ti and Mia Lee onetwo golds one for Alpine Spring and the otherfour, Madam Hawker, the Wang Family in Bechan. Taiwan earn a goal for its mugicharcoal roasted Wolang and the T key company in Nan to Taiwan or in gold forits DON PION SI Jishin two teas from Garsling India alsoearned gold metals. Are you diamond by a vs professionals and Lajoie earnedgold for its HAMALA SECRET S? F T G, F, O P one: a Korean green tea grown on Tishuisland by wild orchard also earned gold and the herbals and blend's categorypure camomile by LA tre t grown in Croatia, was awarded a gold medal. ALEGO dengy one gold for its rose de Damastes from I ran in Solisa company from Greece won goldfor its Creton Mountain Tea, grown on Tufik, see a complete list of winners on theTabiba business inside a VP, a writes that, despite theongoing panic, there were more entries this year and from twice as manycountries, including Laus Madagascar, Peru, Portugal, Polgorouki and Ecuador, or Bindan, and Terman and Banglerreports on Indians, tarts and prices in...

...the Ati price report for the WeekEnding Sixteenth October twenty twenty one. This week the focus was onproduction volumes and exports theater from the tea board. In the case offourteen point, four percent decrees in export of tea between January and July,W tweaty twenty one is compared to the same period. Last year, the imports bySiis countries, Iran and China, have all decrees this year, while the UAE inthe US remain the only countries showing an increase in imports. The nonavailability of shipping containers and their high costs has been cited as onesignificant reason for this. Meanwhile, media reports indicate that with Kenyafixing the minimum res of price of tea at two dollars. Forty three centspercuil of process te at a Mombasa auction. The difference in pricebetween Indian teas, which is between three and four dollars and Kenyon tees,has now narrowed to India's advantage. It is brought renewed interest fromWest Asia, Russia, Kasaks Tan and the US were Indian black tes in auctions.This week, not in in actions were closed for the hinder festival ofTassara, with a puja being one of the biggest annual celebrations in WestPeng all and a Sam. The auctions were held as usual in the south. Onethousand three hundred seventeen towns remained unsold, but the sole quantitywas up by two per cent from the previous week and now a word from our sponsor. You trade understands that a successfultea blend goes beyond the creative fusion of appearance, Aroma and flavorare multi award. Winning product development team is passionate aboutconverting natural ingredients into sensory experiences with customers.Grave every recipe is formulated with the commercial backbone of dependablequality sourcing, with the pricing structure that supports us, safe,regulated, profitable and scalable Blant C trade needs every brand's,retail food service and e commerce meed for more information visit. Our websiteYu trade. TESCO...

...this week, t viz travels to CalcuttaIndia for an in dept conversation with Haricot Harkes, Ato Rain Force Alliancein Di his consulting program coordinator for sustainable landscapesand livelihoods. Harky is an expert in mechanical tea harvest. He makes acompelling argument for improving Taquani y using labor hours gained onfarms that have vested in these time. Saving machines. Mechanical harvesting gets a bad rap.This is because poorly trained operators using poorly maintained,equipe damage bushes lowering yield and leaf quality. The simple routine, suchas level trimming in a single long sweep in one direction. Over half theplucking plan produces excellently. Innovations like creating a seasonalcalendar to regulate plucking rounds and paying workers for the area theyshear instead of by the Kilo he yields high small holders sharing equipmentwho then used the many hours of labour saved during harvest for fieldmaintenance and to complete agricultural chores like pruningmulching and weed abeyant, deliver leaf of exceptional quality to factories joining us today on to a TPS podcast isHarkey Sado from Calcutta. India welcome my pleasure dent. Let's talk today about Farver and mechanical harvesting, in particular of tea you're,an expert in that category, and I thought we begin by just asking why weneed harvesters. You know most geographies, Levia, harvesting t we arerunning out of workers who will work on farms as a result. What happens is thetea over grows and when the tea overgrows, you are not going to makequality, so we need to make sure that we stay on top of the plucking grounds.Now. The fear that people have is that...

...if you bring in mechanical harvestingyou're replacing Labor, but that's not what the idea is idea is to plug inthat gap. The shortage in some place there will be forty percent anotherplace, they'll be twenty five percent. Whatever the gap is, we are going toplug that gap. That's the whole idea of mechanical harvesting. Without that wecannot manage today. In Mo you look at Chilango, you look at Indonesia, India,Chi everywhere everywhere you got. The issue coming up. Mechanical harvestingis required today because you are not being able to harvest by hand the cropthat we need to harvest in time. So to keep on top, we need to introducemechanical harvesting. In addition to the hand, plucking Helas, harvesting,by machine impacted, tea, bushes and processing see the difference between aharvester and hand. blacking is that hand plucking. The plucker canselectively leave fish leaf and other leave whenever required. Harvester wego non selective at a particular height, and the idea is to maintain that,because, if in a mechanical harvest to you go up and down, you will haveproblems with taking stock in that's why we need to make sure that we changethe whole way. We look at harvesting because it's non selective. We need tomake sure that we pluck at the predetermined level and that there isno maintenant foliage coming into the harvest. So for that we need to set thetable straight. If we don't adjust these techniques, we will lose crop.You see a lot of photographs of people using harvest sill and they keep goingover the Bush like this. You know like in a stake formation. Every time youare doing that there are portions of it, you are double cutting, so we don'trecommend that, and also it's very...

...difficult to maintain your level.Harvesters are not the same as hand plucky, so we need to adjust our operations to make sure that allthe idiosyncrasies of the homester are taken care of by our adjusting ouroperations. According could you talk about the economics ofmechanical harvesters? You don't need discussion on it. It isso simple. There are three basic types of harvesting that we do. One is hand. Plucking, of course, whichwe have been doing for ages, then is the shears. The shears were introduced.They are like scissors and we call them semi mechanical harvesters, so thesewere introduced and then the third one is, of course, the mechanicalharvesters, which are the bigger machines. Some of single men operated.Some are double men operated NOWIF. You look at the economics. The kilograms plucked bur manda by hand.Plucking might give you thirty kilograms. The Sheer Harvest Ting mightgive you thirty, eight or thirty nine kilograms. The Mechanical Harvester will give youa hundred and fifty two hundred hundred fifteen two hundred and twenty ahundred and twenty five kilograms depending on the field right. So that's the differentstraightaway. So there is a twenty to twenty three per cent saving on mandays when you are doing shere harvesting. There is a seventy four to seventy fiveper cent saving on Mandas when you are doing mechanical harvesting. What ishappening is many governments. Many organizations are realizing the need ofthis, but the basic subsidy is required for the mechanical harvesters becausethey are much more expensive.

Now the question comes on. Gen, a smallholder afford a mechanical harvester whichcosts a lot of money. Even if he's getting a subsidy. The answer is yes,so what we do if we get two of them to purchase a harvester now his requirement of that Harvester might beonly a day. He can cover his area, so what theywill charge the rest of the farmers around to do the harvesting for themand charge them for area whatever area they've got so the other farmers don'tneed to employ workers, their cost comes down and the one who'sbought. The Harvester makes money and recovers his cost in plantations and in small holderssmall holders a little more, but in plantations. The return on investmentis seven to eight months. That's why we encourage people to go in forMechanical Harvest. The life of the harvest will be considered two years soafter two years they can abilites the few Avestas to make into a new one andbuy a new one. The small holder actually has always an issue with money.As soon as you tell him it got. So much is Oh, my God. So then, they're goingfor cheap harvesters, which actually are half the price but create doublethe damage. Your quality goes down, your crops godown, the life of the harvest is shatter, so you are buying a new one.So we encourage them to follow certain principles on Maintenance and to buygood equipment pay for it and it will pay for itself. Quality has often beenquestioned when the use of mechanical harvesters is involved. We have talkedto us about why quality does not suffer...

...when one uses a mechanical harvestingstrategy, the quality actually improves. I tell you why one is you are gettinggood leaf. You can get very fine leaf. You decide on the target of your leaf.Most of the time in hand plucking by before the leaf is becoming longerbecause you can't harvest on time. So everything is based on the target shoot.You know I might say that in second flush in a Sam, you can do it in tendays or nine days October. The. But if we place is different, we tell them.You take your target shoot as you're reaching the target you harvest when it reaches again harvest and keeprecording the time this becomes your calendar for next year, so once you've done it for a year, yougot a very clear calendar that I'm going to be nine days her ten days here,twelve days at this time and thirteen days round of the season right. So it'sso much easier. The Harvester buys you all that Labor time and bis you thatLabor time back to invest a midriver five percent saving on labor. When youare calculating the gap, you include in this gap all othercultural practices that you should be doing during that period. Otherwise,what he does is everyone is on harvesting. No other job is being done.If you do mechanical harvesting by just putting a harvester in place to removethe leaf witches on top of a Bush, your quality will suffer. You have toalter many things like I talked about. You need her extol, harvesting, makingsure that you're not taking any mentis foliage in your harves, keeping thelevel o not going on to kilogram for...

...harvest Poma. Now the biggest problemis they put the machine in and they are paying that man, Pork Ilog am so he takes it a little deep becauseit's the total cages. So then the leave doesn't come back for another threeweeks because he's done a light skiff. So you know it's the chaos to in threemonths time. The man's machine goes back into the godown broken because he hasn't taught maintenance toadjustment of blades boiling of brats. How often do you do it? If you don't dothat they overheat when they overheat their damage, your Bush and the stockleft behind. If you overcome these, which are just trading which is tryingto understand what this machine is capable of doing and how you can alteryour operations based on this machine, it'll give you quality, fantastic wane intrigued by what you heard in today'spodcast. Would you like to learn more from our grovel network of PEBAjournalists and t experts remember to visit the tea of his website for morecomprehensive coverage that Davia W W T hyphen Biz Biz alcon thanks forlistening, fare well till next week. I.

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