Tea Biz
Tea Biz

Episode · 6 months ago

Tea News and Biz Insight - May 21, 2021

ABOUT THIS EPISODE

HEAR THE HEADLINES – International Tea Day | Assam Forbids Tea Workers to Isolate at Home
| Nepal’s First Flush is Delayed | Kagoshima May Soon Outproduce Shizuoka

| GUEST – Author Chitrita Banerji, a chronicler of food history and culture

| NEWSMAKER – Eva Lee, founder of Tea Hawaii, a tea farm and wholesale venture in Volcano, Hawaii

| FEATURES – Tea Biz this week travels to the slopes of the Kilauea Volcano where Tea Hawaii Founder Eva Lee describes the ongoing tea harvest as unusually wet and seven weeks later than normal …and then to Massachusetts to learn how a simple beverage transformed Indian culture.

Uniquely Hawaiian Tea

Eva Lee pioneered modern tea cultivation in Hawaii, establishing with her husband, a tea garden and nursery in the town of Volcano. The farm supplied growers with hearty cultivars first introduced in 2000 by researchers at the College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources. Hawaiian tea is grown on farms producing less than 100 kilos a year. Small amounts of premium tea are exported, but most is purchased by local restaurants and tourists. In this conversation, Lee describes how the “modest but very strong tea industry” adapted during a difficult year. - By Dan Bolton

Tea is Both Cultural and Personal

Humans readily adapt to new foods and drink, most with little affect “we make them our own by accepting them and enjoying them” says distinguished food and culture author Chitrita Banerji. But some are transformative: “It’s interesting that a foreign drink brought in by a foreign colonial power became such an important thing. We don’t think of tea as a foreign drink anymore,” she tells Aravinda Anantharaman during this International Tea Day interview. - By Aravinda Anantharaman 

The teep is podcast delivers t newsthat you need to know a recap of the week's major headlines with commentaryand cultural trends hosted by Dana is the voice of origin for t professionalsenthusiast Robin think of us as a digital caravan ofstory, tellers, bringing authentic, authoritative and exclusive stories toyou, weekly from the tea lands. Welcome it's international tea day.Here are the headlines. A sound forbids tea workers who isolate it home. ThePaul's first flush is delayed. A gushee may soon now produce ShisWolka in Japan for in a minute the first, thisimportant message: a Vaney empowers rural women practicing sustainableagriculture, including tea and crafts such as weaving with natural fibre andplant base dies up in the tower in Hamelin. Human isone of India's oldest tea regions. To Day we raise our cups in the name of aVanni Kuma a non prophet dedicated to strengthening farming communities,cheers to a brighter future for all to donate visit, a Vanney Dash, cuman dot,ork villagers have celebrated tea and localfestivals, the date to Millennia. In the past hundred years, regional andnational t celebrations gained momentum. Driven primarily by corporate marketers a decade ago, the idea of a global dayof recognition with a different message took hold Judi Fuka, who directs the toply t research center and a sum was tasked by the F, a Os in hergovernmental group on tea to convince the United Nations General Assembly,the focus on producers, brating awareness and appreciation for thesmall growers responsible for most of the world's dee that took five years. Then the real work began in twothousand and nineteen. When he learned of the General Assembly vote in favorof international t day, he can challenge the industry to who now that we have a dedicated day fortea. We need to do interesting things around the day to reposition t as themost preferred beverage in the world and quote to day. You see that commitmentpassionately on display. There are virtual festival, seminars and academicpresentations and all day, Sopha Summot,...

...to hear the voices of origin and theuture series around the world in eighty teas, a marvelous virtual visit to thetea lands narrated by will battle and doctor Sharon Hall who directs the? U K?T and infusion's Association, the UN organized a presentation on sustainableand a panel discussion in Argentina missiones tea grovers werepresenting a Spanish language, tea conference and Friulano. The focus ison marketing in China. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs ishosting the hung, zoo, T, expel the largest face to face t exploit Chinasince the pandemic. If you love tea, please promote andparticipate in these activities either live or over. The weekends, since mostare recorded to day is a glorious day. Let's all share in the tea industries.Ten Year overnight, success visit the Tibis blog for event, schedules andregistration lengths, business insight, tibis presents behindthe headlines of fifteen minute outur presentation by Dan Bolton describingfour trends that shaped to day's news. The video is available in English andSpanish. A psalm forbids tea workers to isolateit home. The situation is worsened in a son tothe point that workers who test positive, many of whom our mothers andgrandmothers was quarantine outside their home until they recover practice,is controversial but necistate by the fact that entire families have perishedon the return of infected workers. The Sam Health Minister, he sat Mahantaannounced that boat in the tea gardens. We have taken a tough stance onisolation of the positive patience. No one will be allowed to avail homeisolation in the tea gardens and quote. Workers that do not requirehospitalization must remain in co, Vid Care Centers, for they are providedfood in medicine. The vaccination rate remains low in part, because many areunable to navigate the coin online registration system. Registration ismandatory for all those eighteen years and older during the past year of some countedfewer than a thousand deaths, but there were more than five hundred cases in deBugra this week there were more than six thousand cases reported maynineteenth and the seven day average is more than five thousand deaths areapproaching. Twenty five hundred India recorded the highest covin one day,fatality rate of any country. This week...

...there are now twenty six million activecases, with almost three hundred thousand deaths, officially recorded atally that is likely an under count. He growers in the Pall faced aformidable combination of wet weather, expense of fertilizer. I transportcause a shortage of labor infestations of leaf curl and black tip that led todeclines of as much as forty per cent last year compared to thousand andnineteen in two thousand and twenty one. Droughtis the big concern. Harvest totals for the first flush or half that of twothousand and twenty new leaves did not sprout on schedule due to droughtconditions at last. From December until February, the Catman do polse writesthat, unlike last year, the price of C T C that's cut. Ter Curl teas is twohundred Nepal RUFE's for Kilo well blow highs of three hundred and sixty noPaul rupees. Last year, Ne Paul is also seeing a replay of lastyear's coved nineteen crisis, Ne Paul reported nine thousand one hundred andninety eight new confirmed cases on Monday, which is a three thousand percent increase from last month. The positivity rate is averaging forty fiveper cent with a hundred and seventy four deaths per day in a country ofaround thirty million people. Business inside the PALTY foundernichals quota, who manages the family's Napole Garden remotely from New York,writes that, along with the health crisis, the small farmers and theagricultural sector face even longer term impact to their crops, which arebeing wasted due to log downs and lack of market access. The farmers that were just hoping torecoup the losses from last year's crisis are yet again faced with prightchallenges to produce and sell their crops. The two farmers find themselvesin the same situation where they might not be able to harvest their mostproductive second flush in a rise in cases. Business inside visit the t Biz blogfor information about relief services that will assist the tea community inNepal, she's Wolka, Japan's picturesque andmost productive tea prefecture. Since nineteen fifty nine may soon have torelinquish that title to Kagoshima. According to data release by Japan'sMinistry of Agriculture, Forsteri and Fisheries Acre under t and green leaf output hasslowly declined. Since N E S in Shizuka,...

...which produced twenty five thousand twohundred metric tons of unprotested tea leaves in two thousand and nineteen,the total is thirty. Four per cent of Japan's total production, the two nineteen crop, the two thousandand Nineteen Crop- was valued at twenty five point: one billion yet about twohundred and thirty million US pollers agushing rowers, who harvested onlytwenty seven hundred metritis in nineteen. Fifty nine by two thousandand nineteen were recording twenty five point: two billion in sales, theprefecture harvested, nearly the same amount of te on seven thousand ninehundred and seventy actors compared to Shizoku thirteen thousand seven hundredhactors. The reason is the Kagashi NA invested heavily in mechanizedharvesting equipment, which is now used on ninety seven point: Five per cent ofthe perfecters farms due to steeper slopes and smaller plots only sixtyfive point: eight per cent of Shizoku. He is mechanically harvested, a VENDA and Terman and Bangalorereports on this week's the auction prices. In date, price report for theWeek Ending Fifteenth May Twenty Twenty one covert continues to dominate thenews, while wether shows some signs of relenting in a Sam with the lock downsand please across the country, there is an impact in both work on the gardensand in the supply chain in the Nigres palty gardens are exempt from lock down.Media reports indicate that movement of goods was affected due to restrictions,as were houses and offices are closed. Most commodity markets, including tea,seem to be grappling with the supply chain. Logistics both Intra andinterstate. A SAM has been one of those regions that has been in the news dueto Corvet, hitting the tea gardens. Currently priority among the producersis to ramp up vaccination on the gardens to contain the spread of theMirus. Ti Gardens have been a lot of function following strict protocols,however, new esopes have been issued on coved management for Tae Gardens,taking into account available and accessible health care. Lock down.Rules in a Sam include a fifteen occur few from two P M every day. In a letterto the state government, the North Eastern Ty Association has requestedthat cove restrictions for workers and vehicles of t states within a fivekilometer radius of urban and semi urban areas be relaxed. The letters ofpoints out that transport of green leaves from gardens to factories andalso transport for workers who don't live on the gardens, necessitates thisrelaxation at the auctions sail nineteen, so good demand for tea andprices remained steady, conor auctions for sale. Nineteen were held onSaturday as Friday was closed for the festival of Ramzan. Could you so goodparticipation from Inco Servant Supply Co for dust leading to price increaseby ten to twenty? A piece percuil in leave ct C ly, fed better than Orthodoxleave with ninety eight per cent...

...offering sold Seius and West Asia by islent fair support in Counou one twenty four killow of green tea was an offerand sold for three hundred and one rupee Paquito Kohat. I auctions alsosaw green tea offerings with green ty invoices from the cling Ya fetching inthe range of three hundred fifty rupees Bercino and now a word from our sponsor. Do Trade Teas works with tea pervers atevery scale, from promising start ups to the world's largest multinationalbeverage brands in the hot iced and bout segments with US based formulation,blending and packaging services? Huge trade can help. You innovate scale upand grow. Your specialty t brand for more information visit our website Q,Trade Teso. He Bis this week travels to the slopesof the kilauea volcano, where t Hawai, founder Eveley describes the ongoingtea harvest as unusually wet and seven weeks later than normal, and then to Massachusetts to learn howa simple beverage transformed Indian culture, evilly pioneered modern tea cultivationin Hawaii, establishing with her husband, a tea garden and nursery inthe town of volcano. The farm supplied growers with hearty cult. I ires firstintroduced in two thousand y researchers at the College of TropicalAgriculture and human resources. A lion tea is grown on farms producing lessthan a hundred kilos a year. Small amounts of premium tea or exploited,but most is purchased by local restaurants and tourists. In this conversation, Lee describes howthe modest, but very strong tea industry adapted during a difficultyear. Eva Will you update listeners on thisyear's tea harvest so far? I spring season began quite late, and the reasonfor that is, whate has been unindebted, with a very, very extensive rainyseason, coming off of about seven plus months of pretty much straight rain.Deep, deep saturation, the plants have really responded, as we have justbroken, with the reins and now have sun and Spring is now revealing itself, sothe tea plants themselves, I think, throughout the state, are expressingthemselves considerably more this time of year than they have in the past.Usually we would have begun in February march or our first flush spring harvest.We, I have quite a bit of production,...

...of artists that are going on what makes Hawaii a grown T so special.You know some of the teas are in the native forest that we've got going onshade grown up at four thousand foot elevations, and we also have teas thatare down in full sun nine hundred foot elevation, also on the east side of theisland, our particular garden on the summit of Kilawea volcano at fourthousand foot elevation is on what we call the windward side of the volcano.We have a fellow grower that is on the Leeward side, same elevation. Theconditions are quite different there. On the Leeward side, it's much drier,much more sun. They themselves also had a late beginning of spring harvest, butthe micro climates. The conditions that can be just moments away are quiteconsiderable. One of the reasons why the tea is so special is that thisgeneration of tea growers, our first generation to goes because we haven'thad a history of it. Agriculture in the state, everyone, that's growing team-are doing a lot of experimentations. They are growing it out of the love ofthe leaf. Those of us that have established ourselves in the areas thatare most conducive. We have mulch and forest canopies that are some that areover a hundred years old. We don't have some of the same diseases and the same problems or challengesthat other two producing countries have, because we are isolated in the middleof the Pacific. We also don't have continents that are close by to us, sowe don't have fall out on pollutin coming into our area, and so everyseason has kind of excitement that happens because it's new every season,it's quite different, it's very, very exciting and now we're at that placewhere we can provide the public with a variety of teas. Will you describe theeconomics of the tea industry in two thousand and twenty one and Ou Hawaiiangrowers adapted to the sharp decline in tourism and the restaurant business? We had to act quite quickly ondecisions as to production we had to so low gardens down, because we were facedwith inventory that was not moving because of restaurant closures. We alsohere in Hawaii, rely a lot on a gratum. Many of the restaurants here in Hawaiiclose down due to the pandemic. Labor cost in Hawaii have always been muchmore than in other tea producing countries, so the changes or thedecisions that we had to make...

...definitely hurt some labor because wewere not able to have as many people work at the gardens. We change some ofthe techniques in processing and how much time that we would put into or notsome of our crafted teas, so the percentages changed from premium gradesto secondary grades. Maybe they're not as good but in actual house, were kindof nicely surprised that we were able to produce some very wonderfulsecondary third grade. However, one wants to interpret these teas thatcould be very accessible for the public and it were quite tasty. Instead ofdirect to restaurants, it would go direct to consumers, for instance, infood hubs, so we used to do a lot of distribution of our teas direct toconsumers in farmers markets. Of course, many of the farmers markets were closeddown. During that time we have been doing farmers markets, probably forover twelve years, and it was a big change, so we ended up producing processing,manufacturing teas that we call t to go for people that were here locally totake our teas and be able to steep them up very easily, and so we were movingfrom bulk loosely to individually filter packing artes and doing it all here inHawaii. So we've then turned into not only growers, producers, but also co,packers, and so our co packing activities are also on location. We dohave a modest but very strong tea industry here in our Statei and nowsome of the people that ended up experiencing the teas that were moreaccessible well for premium teas. As far as by the Kilo we were talking bythe kilo. Two Point: Five consents about four hundred dollars. We arewholesaling them by so many units, but to break it down to you is that theyare wholesale for seven dollars for that package of one ounce, ten filterpackage, teas so to the consumer. Usually eight. Twenty five, I believe,is with the mark. Up of some of the stores and food hubs are doing so alsoto have discussions even on some of our premium teas to local retailers. So ifI sell this to you for ten dollars, you know instead of you selling it fortwenty think about eighteen and that's kind of a formula that seems to workpretty well with some of the retailers, and we also cut down on some of ourcosts of packaging itself. We made our...

...own packaging and, and so that hashelped for this period of time. We it may continue a. We share, a littleinformation on the inside the package and what not so people can learn alittle bit more and then I think it gives people the confidence to maybetry the premiums ubas readily adapt to do foods anddrink most with the effect we make them our own by accepting them and enjoyingthem as distinguished food and culture author to read of Energy, but some aretransformative. Oh, it's interesting that a foreign drink brought in by aforeign colonial power became such an important thing. We don't think of teaas a foreign drink. Any more she tells Servan and Perriman during thisinternational tea day, Internet sites, energy is among the mostimportant chroniclers of food and culture to day having writtenextensively about it, in particular food and Bengal. She grew up inCoquetta before moving to the US where she earned the masters in literaturefrom Harvard her first book, life in Food and Bengal was published in s ninehundred and ninety one, and from thereon fort him to become a medium forhistory. Telling her books include the ARF, the goddess memories of women,food and ritual in Bengal Bengali, cooking seasons and festivals, and more recently, eating India andorders seein to the food and culture of the Land of spices. Besides fiction andbiography, which she also writes, but America has become home, she really isa close connection with Inga, especially Colcato and Bengal. Could heday this year, I asked to have a conversation with her on tea to theWangos, both cultural and personal, and I was curious about where one ends andthe other begins. Would you place? Tea is part of theBengali food culture. I am a bit hesitant about saying that, because you,although it is such a big part of Bengali social conture whenever when wetake a food, there is a kind of in a wall between food and drain, and thatis true in the western concept with people who write about food in theWestern world to or right about wine and stuff. That is a separate kind ofexpertise. A separate words t is not something that I would normally youknow, consider part of our food culture, and yet it is part of our relation andculture is part of our way to mad with each other. It's interesting that aforeign drink wrought in by a foreign colonial power became such an importantthing, and it has now, at least in Bengal. It has acquired the Bengaliidentity. We don't think of it as a foreign drink. Any more in a very few.People actually know that history very few people that you realize you knowthe a the origins of t how the you know,...

British in colonial politics andeconomics worked in order to bring tea into India and there get to marketing tea, so that inIndians would develop a taste for it like petate, Tos and Chilepeppers. Wethink these are our foods and it just we forget her five hundred years ago,we'd never heard of such things. That became with the Portinaio India. Thatway, you know, some of these items are Daly agree. I will say testament to howhuman beings adopt new things and then give it a character that makes it theirown. It's a transformation process. That's a mating process that I findvery interesting, and I find some that that is very hopeful, not in just thecontext of food. You know I find it very hopeful in the context of ourrelationships with each other. Very few bingales can do without theirtea or o without their potatoes or the calipers. We're not changing tea orpotatoes or chill papers into something else, but here making them our own. Byaccepting them and enjoying them, the acceptance brings enjoyment. You knowreal enjoyment, and this is something people you know don't think about. How did your relationship with tdevelop? I lived in a much to cultural, familyhome several generations. It was a very big family, many many relatives andalso lots of visitors because we had family members livingoutside Cocote who would come to visit and stay with us. A big family means ina many ceremonies and many occasions like weddings, you know, andengagements and Buddas and stuff, like that droves of friends and relativeswould come and some would stay, and so there was always you know. Tea wasalways a present morning noon and night, and it's like nobody ever seemed tothink that you're thinking t at night would give you in a sitting problem,and this is something that you might have learned after coming to the West.You Know Caffeine in tea and caffeine in cocky and okay, bad for sleep.Nobody used to think that we before so, even if a visitor came to your house, a eight thirty in the evening, you wouldsee first thing. You'd say you know Jack a I Chapoti, and most of theanswer would be yes, so tea was next to water, the lives of stating drink forthe INGAS, and it was not different from my family to any other in anyother family. You know we everywhere. It seems to be the same thing and asyou go up and you develop independence and you're allowed to go out on yourown and meet with friends, assemble withfriends. Again, one of the things you do is goto. You know a teashop or find a place where you can eat order, some tea andsit together, and...

...we did that unthinkingly instinctively.But there was this feeling inside us that our Ada, our talk, would only beenhanced if we had a cup of tea with us. Since I was you know, going to CollegePresidency College, whether I was ober that I enjoyed the cocky in coffeehouse straight opposite when I went to the Coffee House. Most of the timethere was no tea obvious in the Coffee House. You could only get differentkinds of coffee and it was considered very sophisticated, but I had to saythat though I never admitted it, I never really enjoyed coffee the way Ienjoy tea and that I attributed to my father, who made me you know, learnabout tea and appreciate tea in a very sophisticated nance away like he wouldmake three kinds of tea, and you know I would taste with my bad and sometimes Ididn't like what he would consider the best tea.But he would then you know, say: Well you have to develop a taste for it inor some things don't happen automatically and you have to develop ataste for it. So next time, when we meet this, you will see that you likeit a little bit better. You might enjoy it more whether you get your gelingsfrom now I live in, came Ridge and my house is a very short distance fromHarvard Square as they used to be wonderful, wonderful, store, calledTilok so and they had the best quality teas from all over the world. They hadtea from China and I don't rate from China, but they had them various gradesand they had various kinds of digit and they also had a t of course, and butthey went out of business well three years ago, so for a while. I justdidn't know what to do, and I was dreading the thought when my inner stopwit an out. I have all I have to share this story. You know I have to have tea,and then I wrote that piece for you and about. I don't know two or threemonths after that I got a call from my friend who said I mean I have shared the story with myfriend. She is an Armenian American and she said: Hey, listen, I shed yourstory with this guy. I know and he's also an Armenian American guy and heruns a tea company comment and he's just so blown away by yourstory. He wants to meet you. I said: Oh well, fine, you know I'm happy to meetanybody. I gave him my email and he woke back and be a meeting and he says well go to such andsuch there's a tiny little restaurant. It's not really proper restarts morelike a sandwich. Chap come coffee shop when a lot of students go- and he saidyou know- will meet there at four...

...o'clock or something fine. So I turn upthere and then this guy appears and then they should have so glad in leanerand then he said and then of course I must have t with you. I said yes, but Idon't know what kind of tree those people have should o forget it. Thesepeople are not important, but they let me do whatever I want here, there's areason for it, which I can't get into so I've brought three kinds of tea andI took out these little sections. You know with different, you know, teasinthem and I'm going to brew them in their kitchen and I'm going to servetea to you. I said my goodness Tavetan experience got takes over somebody's restaurantand bust okay, I sat there as in Litora, I've got and he just like my father. I said youthink the past comes back to me. Like this. You know he brought differentkinds of team three different thoats and sat there and sort of expectantlylooking at me in lite taste and tell me which one I like, which one I didn'twith when I let list- and I noticed that he did not offer me either milk orsugar, it had to be the pure t- taste the thingthat. He wanted me to have theday and one of them was absolutely wonderful in a very, very fragrant andbeautiful than tilling tea. So he said well I'll make a bigger packet of thisand mail it to you as a look at present, and then I found that menti his companyactually does mail out er sails. So now I buy tea from them. Oh No online yeah,lovely Yahu. The funny thing is he is now sold the company to a friend, so heeither he said. I only sold it to somebody that I trust who will keep thequality alive and will let you know cat corners and even making meet for moneyor whatever the best best teas will be available of ways and he has moved toMaine when he bought a farm and he both well flowers in a way, I'm reallysurprised, but I'm also in a way not. I find that he seems to touch people inways beyond any understanding. So have you been able to create a world aroundtea and Cambridge? One of the things I miss here is that very few people hereamong my friends enjoy tea. That's one of the things I miss greatlywhen I go to call carats so different. You know all the friends that I meet.You know we always will get together over tea and there's no question that we aregoing to. You know, have tea together and you know there's Bengali stuff withfood also. So if you visit somebody taut steen, some says- or you know, tea and Modi, O ten spicemovie stuff like that that whole...

...dimension of tea drinking that wholekind of you know communal pleasure surrounding the Cup of tea. I have not been able to be capture inmy American life in my American life. I am the Solo ty drinker. I am the teadrinker who's still making it with great care and still enjoying it, but it is not anactive, lively enjoyment with other people. It's more an it's a an innocentenjoyment. It's an enjoyment! Probably you know with the past, it's anenjoyment of of a drink. That takes me back to the past, and I wish it could be different. Youknow, but you know I feel, okay, so that that can only happen when I go toCopa again intrigue by what you heard in today'spodcast. Would you like to learn more for more goble network of EVA'sjournalist, t XPERTO, tent them directly through something privatemessage based later avoid the chaos of social men and start a conversationthat matters sub text message base platform? Let's you privately askedmeaningful questions of the texts, academics and tis journalist recordingfor the to you see their responses. The SS text which are sent direct to yourphone visit our website and subscribe to subject to instantly connecting themost connected people it to remember to visit. The T is websitefrom the comprehensive fevere. That's W W W T hyphen Biz Biz thanks for listening very well to thenext way. I.

In-Stream Audio Search

NEW

Search across all episodes within this podcast

Episodes (49)